About Lumbar Spin Fusion Surgeries

The spine is the most important body part in the human body as it supports upper body weight and allows you to move or bend. It consists of 24 vertebrae that are separate from cartilage. When these vertebrae get affected, there will be an abnormal bone movement and instability of the spine, which leads to chronic pain, numbness of spin, weakness in legs, etc.
Spinal fusion is a surgical procedure to join two or more vertebrae, that eventually grow into one solid bone. The health conditions like an unstable spine, ruptures in intervertebral discs, joints, nerves, fractures, scoliosis, or deformity can also be treatable with this lumbar spinal fusion surgery. This surgery stops the rupture of painful vertebral segments, which creates discomfort in the lower back and legs.


You are an ideal candidate for Lumbar spine fusion surgery if you:-

  • Are suffering from lumbar degenerative disc disease
  • Are suffering from the lumbar spondylolisthesis
  • Are facing problems in vertebral segments
  • Are facing chronic back pain with tumour or fractures or infections
  • Failed physiotherapy and rehabilitation for lower back pain
  • Experiencing weakness or pain in your legs


  • X-rays to observe the curvature of the spine
  • MRI’s to determine the injury
  • Electroencephalogram(EEG) to test the nerve function along the spine
  • A blood test to get the result of spinal stability
  • Urine test


There are several types of spinal fusion surgeries available, depending on the condition and its location. Here is a list of some of the preferable lumbar spine surgeries.

Anterior Cervical Discectomy And Fusion: It is a minimally invasive procedure to relieve pressure on the nerve roots of the spinal cord that cause pain in the neck and arms.

Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion: In this procedure, the vertebrates in the lower back are surgically joined together to reduce the discomfort caused by the movement of the vertebrae of the lower back.

Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusion: This procedure is helpful to get relief from the spinal diseases such as degenerative disc disease, degenerative scoliosis, herniated disc, spinal tumours, spondylolisthesis.

Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion: It is a minimally invasive procedure to fuse the vertebrae disc in the lower back region of the spine together to get the stability.

Scoliosis Fusion Surgery: This treatment surgery helps to correct the spinal curvature deformity. This procedure also helps to get the stability of the spine and reduces pressure on veins.

Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion: It is a type of procedure that helps the merge of the anterior and posterior roots of the spine. A bone graft and interbody spacer stabilize the anterior while the posterior is locked to get the stability of the spine.


During your initial consultation, Dr Abhinav Srivastava will first try to figure out the root cause for the failure of the surgery. He will also assess your symptoms and order fewer imaging tests if he feels necessary. Depending on the results of the diagnostic tests, he will determine the treatment option that has the highest likelihood of safety.


Dr Abhinav Srivastava recommends the nonsurgical treatment options for treating the symptoms of failed surgery. If all the nonsurgical treatments have proven inappropriate, then he will consider a revision spine surgery to reduce your pain and other complications such as infections, and instability.
However, the decision to undergo revision spine surgery depends on the diagnosis of failed spine surgery. As a revision surgery, it involves several complications. So, Dr Abhinav Srivastava will conduct a thorough diagnosis and discusses all the postsurgical complications. He will also suggest some post-surgical instructions which you need to follow for the successful recovery following the procedure.


You will be given anaesthesia to make you unconscious before the surgery, and type of anaesthesia depends upon on your overall health conditions. During the procedure, Dr Abhinav Srivastava will make a small incision outlining the previous surgical incisions.
All the previously placed instrumentations will be removed and replaced with new bone grafts to promote bone formation. In some instances, a bone growth stimulator may also be implanted to promote quicker bone healing.